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How Do You Find Out if You Have Diabetes?

With the number of diabetics in Singapore steadily increasing, how much do you know about this chronic condition? This article explores diabetes, its statistics in Singapore, its symptoms, complications and how it can be treated. Diabetes mellitus may create excess sugar in the bloodstream and cause major illness. Type 1 as well as type 2 diabetics issues are chronic problems that can not be reversed. Nevertheless, prediabetes functions as a precursor to diabetes where the blood sugar level is greater than normal. Although, not enough to be identified as diabetic issues.



Singapore Diabetes Statistics

The prevalence of diabetes among Singapore residents (Singapore citizens and permanent residents) has increased over the decade. This is largely attributed to our ageing population as the risk of diabetes increases with age. One in nine Singapore residents aged 18 to 69 years were affected by diabetes in 2010. The prevalence of people with diabetes was similar between the genders. Indians and Malays have consistently had higher prevalence of diabetes compared to the Chinese across the years

Diabetes was the fourth and eighth most common condition of polyclinic attendances and hospitalisation respectively in 2014. Life years lost due to mortality and ill-health related to diabetes was the fourth largest among all diseases in 2010. The cost burden from diabetes, including medical expenses and productivity loss, is expected to rise from beyond $940 million in 2014 to $1.8 billion in 2050.

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What are the indications of diabetes?

The indications of diabetic issues may differ from person to person, depending on just how much glucose exists in the body. During the early stages, it may also go undetected. Nonetheless, some of the signs and symptoms that might indicate diabetes are:

  • Frequent peeing: Throughout diabetic issues, the sugar level in the blood increases. The kidney has to work more challenging to filter the sugar out of the blood. This might create the urge to pee extra frequently, specifically during the night.
  • Boosted thirst: The continuous filtering of the blood as a result of the sugar might cause it to lose added water and also dehydrate the body. This causes the person really feeling much more parched gradually.
  • Slow healing of cuts as well as wounds: The high amount of sugar in the blood can harm the body’s nerve as well as blood vessels. This might impair blood flow and decrease the recovery of even minor cuts and also wounds. The healing might take a couple of weeks and also in the meantime, the chances of infection might additionally increase.

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Added Signs to Identify Diabetes

  • Really feeling weak and also fatigue: High amounts of sugar in the body can leave a person feeling tired as the sugar does not move efficiently from the bloodstream to the cells. This reduces the total power of the body, and also the individual may feel weary or exhausted.
  • Constant prickling, tingling, or pain in the arms and legs: In Type 2 diabetic issues, high levels of sugar harms the body’s nerves as well as might hinder blood circulation. This can lead to continuous tingling, pain, or feeling numb in the arms, legs, or feet. This problem is referred to as neuropathy, and also if not treated it may aggravate in time in a person with diabetes.
  • Blurry vision: Excess blood glucose in the body might additionally damage the capillary existing in the eye. This might lead to the growth of fuzzy vision in one or both eyes. If not treated, the damage may come to be serious, and also at some point, the individual may shed his vision. The loss of vision or fuzzy vision in diabetes people might likewise be occasional which indicates it might come and go.

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What are the Risk Factors of Diabetes?

The risk factors of diabetes are:

  • Being overweight/obese (body mass index ≥ 25.0kg/m2).
  • Having first-degree relative(s) with diabetes.
  • Coming from a high-risk race/ethnicity.
  • Women who have delivered a baby who weighed ≥ 4kg, or who were previously diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
  • Having hypertension (blood pressure ≥ 140/90mmHg) or being on therapy for hypertension.
  • Having a high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level < 1.0mmol/l for males and < 1.3mmol/l for females and/or triglyceride level ≥2.2mmol/l.
  • Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • Having IGT or an impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) on a previous testing.
  • Having a history of cardiovascular disease.


The common symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Frequent hunger
  • Frequent thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Constant and extreme fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Wounds that heal slowly and poorly

More Indications of Diabetic issues

Continuous sensation of hunger: In individuals with diabetic issues, the food they eat normally does not offer them with enough energy. It happens since the food is broken down in the digestive system and exchanged a simple sugar called glucose. People with diabetes already have an unwanted of glucose in the body. Nonetheless, the excess sugar does stagnate from the bloodstream right into the body’s cells. Consequently, the body never receives the ample amount of glucose required to operate, and the individual may really feel regularly starving, regardless of when and also what they have consumed.

Itching as well as yeast infections: Yeast infections are a sort of fungal infection that happens on damp, cosy patches of skin like the mouth, between fingers, or underarms. The yeast existing in the body calls for sugar to feed itself and grow. In individuals with diabetes mellitus, the excess sugar might function as food for the yeast as well as lead to yeast infection. The location affected by yeast infection may feel very itchy. It may even burn, become red, or swell if not treated properly. Having dry as well as dark spots of skin: Diabetes mellitus may likewise raise the danger of establishing acanthosis Nigricans, a skin disease in which people create dark patches of skin around their necks, arms, or armpits. The skin might come to be dry or really feel creamy and also soft.

 

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When should I see a doctor?

You need to check out as well as endocrinologist or a diabetes mellitus medical facility if you see any one of the indicators or symptoms discussed above. Kind 1 and also Kind 2 diabetes may develop at any type of age as well as thus, acknowledging early signs and symptoms may enable an individual to get detected and treated as soon as possible. If you are expectant and also see any of the indications or symptoms, you might have gestational diabetes. It usually fixes itself as soon as the baby is birthed. However, medications or treatment may be called for in severe instances.

Conclusion

Numerous aspects like age, weight, sex, genetics, and so on may put you in danger of developing diabetes mellitus. Nonetheless, working out frequently, consuming a healthy and balanced diet plan and weight-loss may aid avoid this condition. If you feel you are at threat, you might obtain evaluated at a diabetes mellitus hospital for early diagnosis and also therapyA number of us contend the very least some inflammation around the nose and/or cheek areas. If this holds true for you as well, after that just use your concealer on those locations where you see some inflammation. It’s ideal to make use of a concealer brush to do this, as it can be truly wonderful for getting into the hard to reach nose area. Nonetheless, you can likewise utilize your fingers. Ensure to mix the item well in any case. (Reference: Health Hub SG)


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