The Best Ways to Eliminate Blackheads
It seems simple, but you might not know how to get rid of blackheads? First, it helps to understand what blackheads actually are. If you do not take care of your pores, eventually the oil and dirt will accumulate. If someone has a great deal of blackheads, you can feel that the skin is rough, scratchy, and bumpy. If you are wondering how to get rid of blackheads, below are some useful and helpful dermatologist-approved tips to make it easier to eliminate blackheads on your nose, chin, and forehead.
Pores, also called comedones, are little dimples in the skin which surround a hair follicle. They also house your sebaceous glands, which make the oil (sebum) in your face. When those pores become clogged, a blackhead may form. Blackheads are also called open comedones because, unlike whiteheads, they do not have a layer of skin cells at the top. That allows the gunk inside the pore to be exposed to the atmosphere and become oxidised, which causes it to switch to a darker colour.
Basically anyone can get blackheads, but those with combination or oily skin are most prone to creating them. And if you really feel as though you get them round your nose more frequently than anywhere else in your face, you’re not imagining it: The skin around your nose has a particularly high concentration of sebum glands, meaning extra oil and a higher possibility of clogged pores.
Wash your face at least twice a day.
This seems like basic information, but cleansing can go a long way to help prevent oil and dirt from collecting in your pores. Washing your face is just one of the most important steps in your skin-care pattern for good reason: Regularly cleansing your skin will help remove any excess dirt, oil, dead skin cells, bacteria, or cosmetics that’s lingering on your face.
For most people, washing your face twice per day is the ideal move. But some people with especially dry or sensitive skin may just be able to wash their face cleanser once a day.
If you’re trying to manage acne, you may discover that a cleanser containing a chemical exfoliant like salicylic acid or glycolic acid helps to keep those issues in check. For those with inflamed acne, a cleanser containing benzoyl peroxide could be useful instead. But know that every one of these ingredients can be harsh and drying if used too frequently. Some people with oilier skin could have the ability to use them twice a day, but after is a lot for others.
Also wash your face after exercising.
Excess sweat can combine with bacteria, dirt, and dead skin cells to clog your pores, possibly resulting in blackheads. So it’s important to wash your face prior to and following a workout or any action which causes excessive sweating. But it’s essential to be gentle because irritating skin by rubbing too hard or wiping sweat off your face too aggressively may actually exacerbate inflammation and breakouts.
Pore strips are just like a Band-Aid, using adhesive to tear away dead skin cells and dirt. If that sounds a little aggressive, you would be right, which is the reason why experts are divided on whether it’s ever a good idea to use pore strips to remove blackheads.
Products like these suddenly and forcefully pull out the plug in gunk that’s clogging your skin, but abandon the pore dilated and easily clogged again. That’s why some experts recommend choosing gentle chemical exfoliation methods (using products with glycolic or lactic acid, for instance), which slowly lessen the clog.
Exfoliate regularly to keep skin clear.
If cleansing skin regularly isn’t enough to remove all of the dirt and dead skin cells that can clog your pores, you might have to bring some exfoliation into your routine.
The two big categories of exfoliants are physical (manual) and chemical exfoliation. Where manual exfoliants use scrubby bits of sugar or walnut shells to physically remove those impurities, chemical exfoliants are all skin-care ingredients which dissolve the bonds between dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away easily.
For most people just exfoliating once or twice a week is a lot. Some may increase that to three times per week without any issues, while others can only exfoliate once a week or two every other week before experiencing irritation and dryness. The most important issue is to (carefully) experiment and see what types of exfoliating products and frequencies operate for you and your skin.
Spot treat clusters of blackheads instead of trying to treat your entire face.
If you only get blackheads on a particular portion of your face, like your nose or your chin, you don’t have to apply your treatments to your entire face. Not only will you spare yourself possible annoyance, but you might also be able to withstand more focused treatments on this smaller surface area. Plus, spot treating with a salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide–based merchandise will be able to help you resist the urge to attempt and extract blackheads yourself.
Wear (oil-free) sunscreen daily.
Wearing a daily sunscreen is undoubtedly the most important part of your everyday skin-care routine because it can help prevent skin cancer and early signs of ageing. So it’s essential to be shielded for a lot of reasons. You should make sure your daily sunscreen (or SPF moisturiser) contains broad spectrum security of at least SPF 30. And in case you have oily or acne-prone skin, make sure to use a product that’s non-comedogenic and oil-free so that it will not clog your pores.
Try an over-the-counter retinoid product.
Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A which can speed up the cell turnover process on skin, and this is helpful for managing acne, reducing and preventing signs of aging, treating hyperpigmentation, and many other conditions. You can start exploring the world of retinoids on your own by checking out an over-the-counter retinoid, such as retinol serums or adapalene gels.